What is ADHD?
ADHD is a brain disorder wherein an ongoing pattern of hyperactivity or inattention interferes with functioning or development. While some people have problems with one of the behaviors, others have problems with both inattention and hyperactivity.
People with ADHD can have one or many of these symptoms:
· Trouble concentrating and staying focused
· Disorganization and forgetfulness
· Emotional difficulties
What is anxiety?
Anxiety disorders cause constant worry and fear and can be disabling. Anxiety can be of several kinds like social anxiety disorders, panic disorder, general anxiety, or specific phobias like fear or height or water.
People with anxiety disorders can have one or many of these symptoms:
· Dry mouth
· Heart palpitations
· Shortness of breath
· Cold or sweaty hands or feet
· Sleeping problems
How to treat persons with anxiety disorders and ADHD?
Person with both ADHD and anxiety disorders need to go through a thorough check-up to identify the primary condition before starting medication. If the primary condition is ADHD, treating of ADHD is likely to resolve anxiety as well. In addition to that, if the person suffers from ADHD because of anxiety, treating anxiety would resolve ADHD.
Stimulants have been known to be effective for treating ADHD. Stimulants boost concentration and focus while reducing impulsive and hyperactive behaviors. Stimulants can be both short acting and long dosages. Short-acting dosages need to be taken in 2-3 times a day. Long-acting stimulants are usually taken once a day as it last for 8-12 hours.
The stimulant medication includes extensively used drugs like Ritalin, Adderall, and Dexedrine. Stimulants work by increasing the dopamine levels in the brain. Dopamine is associated with movement, motivation, attention, and pleasure in human brain.
Apart from traditional stimulant drugs, non-stimulant drugs are also used to treat ADHD. One such drug is Strattera, which is a typical antidepressant and used when stimulants cannot be exercised or haven’t given results.